Maps to help flood forecast

A TEAM of researchers has been measuring the shape and depth of the Clarence river bed as part of moves to improve flood forecasting for the area.

The team used a "HydroSurveyor", which includes an echo sounder, a Doppler velocity profiler and GPS antenna, to help build a three-dimensional map of the river bed.

The new mapping will cover an area from Mountainview (about 18km upstream of Grafton) to about Copmanhurst (about 20km further upstream) and will be added to existing three-dimensional maps of the river bed from just upstream of Grafton to the river mouth.

It will be used to help calculate the capacity of the river to deal with incoming flows.

Project leader, Associate Professor Valentjin Pauwels, said flood forecasting was based on two models: hydrological and hydraulic. The hydrologic model used rain forecasts to compute the amount of water entering the system and the hydraulic model computed how water entering the system travelled downstream.

"With that information we can predict water depth and velocity at any point in the valley," he said.

"Our team is convinced the use of satellite and airborne remote sensing data to correct numerical models in real time will improve the accuracy of the flood forecasting system."

Associate Professor Pauwels said the Clarence River was affected by major floods in May 2009, January 2011, January 2012, January 2013 and February 2013.

"An improved flood forecasting system will enhance the emergency management capability, thus reducing the flood-related financial costs and community discomfort."



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